Geographic knowledge is basic to understanding human problems. Although geographers may be identified in terms of any one of geography's sub-fields, the particular strength of their discipline is that they are trained to understand the physical, biological and human characteristics of an area as an integrated whole within a spatial context. Geography's body of theory and its methodologies provide analytical techniques applicable to a wide range of questions ranging over a broad spectrum of possible occupations.
Geographers who specialize in physical geography are prepared for professional life as scientists in environmental and natural resource branches of the federal and provincial governments or with engineering and environmental consulting firms in the private sector.
Geographers with special training in economic geography find employment with planning, development and statistical branches of federal, provincial and municipal governments or of banks and other private companies, or with planning consultants.
Geographers who have concentrated on the historical and cultural aspects of the subject can use their skills in branches of government concerned with cultural and historic resources, tourism and museum work.
Geographers who have been trained in geographic information systems, remote sensing and cartography are prepared for positions in many branches of government, in mapping agencies and in private industry.
Geographers who have training in resource management are able to work in a variety of fields dealing with ocean or land management issues.